What is Diabetes?

Some call it "sugar"—just not in the same way you would call your loved one. In medicine, this sugar is called glucose.

Glucose needs a home.

  1. The body...
    • Forms glucose by breaking down food
    • Sends glucose to the body's cells.
  2. Like a house, in order to enter, glucose needs a key to each cell door.
  3. The Key is insulin
    • The pancreas is the key maker & it sends insulin through the bloodstream.
  4. The pancreas either:
    • Type I Diabetes= cannot make insulin at all
    • Type II Diabetes= one of the following...
      • Cannot make enough insulin
      • Cells ignore insulin
    • Gestational Diabetes= During pregnancy, some women need extra insulin (up to 3x more)